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Self-Determination in Education

Since the 1970s the discussion around promoting and supporting the continued use of Inuktut (the Inuit language) in schools across Canada’s four Inuit regions has included a deeply rooted debate about introducing a unified Inuit writing system to promote communication across dialects and the development of common learning materials.

We can take ownership of our written language. Our current writing systems were introduced through the process of colonization. The unified Inuktut writing system will be the first writing system created by Inuit for Inuit in Canada.

Why Create a Unified System?

The key to a new era in bilingual education is the ability to produce, publish and distribute common Inuktut materials. A unified writing system for Inuktut with common grammar, spelling and terminology, would facilitate the production of these materials and strengthen Inuktut. It would improve mobility and foster consistency in the education system for students, leading to improved literacy and education outcomes across Inuit Nunangat.

A unified writing system will also strengthen Inuit unity and culture in Canada, as it is part of Inuit self-determination.

Atausiq Inuktut Titirausiq

The Atausiq Inuktut Titirausiq (AIT) Task Group includes language specialists from each Inuit region. It is mandated to research and identify the speech components of Inuktut and the current Inuktut orthographies in use, and recommend an Inuktut orthography that has the best chance of advancing Inuktut far into the future.

History of Writing Systems

Many Inuit learned to write from Inuit who were visiting from other regions and writing spread quickly. Inuit improved and adapted the writing systems that missionaries developed in order to spread Christianity throughout the Arctic.

Today

Today

We Want Your Input Today Inuit use nine different writing systems, using both syllabics and Roman orthology Are there areas in history of our writing systems that are not identified in the timeline that should be considered to develop the unified writing system? Are there key symbols or clusters of symbols that are common across our region and should be considered in a unified Inuit language writing system? Land claims organizations, language authorities, and governments will make their own decisions for moving forward. Is there any additional information that should be required before a recommendation is provided? Email our language coordinator to provide us with your input: [email protected]
2000s

2000s

2000: Nunavik: reintroduction of fourth column 2009: Nunavut: Natsilik introduces new symbols 2010: Nunavut: IUT established 2011: ITK forms Atausiq Inuktut Titirausiq Task Group 2017: Unified language writing system: review current writing systems and orthography and recommend draft spelling rules and symbols
Late 1900s

Late 1900s

1973: Labrador writing reform 1976: ICI standard introduced (ratified by ITC) 1980: Nunavik’s Avataq Cultural Institute established 1984: Inuvialuit (COPE): Standardizes Roman orthography, different from ICI
Early to Mid 1900s

Early to Mid 1900s

Alaska Early 1900s: First picture writing and Roman orthography Canada Mid 1900s: Gilles Lefebvre (1950s) and Raymond Gagné (1960s) hired by government to standardize Roman orthography
1800s

1800s

Nunavut 1850s: Horden and Watkins adapted Cree syllabics 1876: Edmund Peck translated biblical materials (syllabics) Western Arctic Late 1800s: Missionaries introduced Roman orthography
Mid to Late 1700s

Mid to Late 1700s

Greenland Mid: Samuel Kleinschmidt, linguist (Roman) Labrador Late: Moravian missionaries (Roman)

Thank You to Our Sponsors, Donors, and Partners

ITK would like to thank the following partners for their support in the implementation of the National Strategy on Inuit Education

Founding Partner

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