Getting Started with Monitoring, Evaluation and Learning is a means to achieve self-determination in Inuit program design and evaluation. The more Inuit take charge of monitoring and evaluation activities, the more monitoring and evaluation will serve our interests across Inuit Nunangat.
Social and Economic Inequity
Compared to most other Canadians, Inuit in Inuit Nunangat experience many social and economic inequities such as poverty, less access to quality healthcare, and unemployment. Creating social equity is essential to the prevention of suicide for Inuit in Canada.
Effective suicide prevention should reduce suicide risk. Risk refers to factors in a person’s life that increase their chances of illness or death. Suicide risk can be something in the environment, an experience, a behavior, something inherited, or an unknown cause. The following are examples of risk factors.
Impacts of colonialism, residential schools, relocations, dog slaughter.
Social inequities including crowded housing, food insecurity, lack of access to services.
Intergenerational trauma, family violence, family history of suicide.
Traumatic Stress and Early Adversity
Experiencing acute or toxic stress in the womb, witnessing or experiencing physical or sexual abuse.
Depression, substance misuse, mental health disorder, self-harm.
Acute Stress or Loss
Recent loss, intoxication, access to means, hopelessness, isolation.
How Risk Multiplies In Our Societies
Suicide risk can multiply throughout a person’s lifetime. Individuall, we may face certain types of adversity and also be exposed to suicide, which creates a base level of risk in our communities.
Some people begin life with adversity, such as being
affected by acute stress while in the womb.
This base level of risk can multiply through stress factors related to social inequity such as poverty and poor education.
Personal experiences, including physical or sexual abuse, can further multiply a person’s overall risk for suicide.
Exposure is a risk factor. Knowing people who have died by suicide can add to a person’s overall risk.
Having high rates of suicide in our communities means that it touches every community member, creating an underlying risk that affects all Inuit.
As a result, many Inuit face individual risk factors as well as risk factors from their environment.
People who experience stressful life situations react differently depending on their coping skills and the support and help they receive from their family and community. Protective factors are experiences, behaviours, or an inherited characteristic. They can support positive outcomes for people who experience stressful or challenging events and effectively protect against suicide.
People who experience stressful life situations react differently depending on their coping skills and the support and help they receive from their family and community. Protective factors are experiences, behaviours or an inherited characteristic. They can support positive outcomes for people who experience stressful or challenging events and effectively protect against suicide. The following are examples of
Adequate economic, educational, health and other resources that support and foster resilience
Strongly grounded in Inuit language, culture and history
Providing children with safe environments that nurture social and emotional development
Access to Inuit-specific mental health services and supports
Coping with Acute Stress
Ability to regulate and cope with distress, access to social supports and resources
Safe, supportive and nurturing homes
Risk factors increase a person’s chance of illness or death. They can come from the environment, an experience, a behaviour, something inherited, or an unknown cause.
Protective factors decrease a person’s chances of illness or death. Protective factors can come from the environment, an experience, a behaviour, an inherited characteristic, or an unknown cause.
This report presents findings from an environmental scan that was undertaken to gather information around the following six topic areas.
This map aims to increase the information available on community-based initiatives that play an important role in reducing and preventing suicides in Canadian Inuit communities. By exploring the interactive map and resources, you will to learn more about these initiatives and the current public health crisis being faced by Canada’s Inuit population.
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Tel: 1 (877) 686-2845
If you live in Nunavik, you can contact your Community CLSC: 819-XXX-9090 in Inuktitut, English and French. Traditional Health Support workers are available from Monday to Friday, 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. and you can speak to someone in Inuktitut or English by calling 1 (877) 686-2845.
Hope for Wellness Line
The Hope for Wellness Help Line is available 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. It offers immediate mental health counselling and crisis intervention to all Indigenous peoples across Canada. Phone and chat counselling is available in English and French. On request, phone counselling is also available in Inuktitut.